Wednesday, October 10, 2012

Barthel Index Instrument


THE                                   Patient Name: ___________________________ 
BARTHEL                                   Rater Name: ___________________________ 
INDEX                                            Date: ___________________________

Activity Score

FEEDING
0 = unable
5 = needs help cutting, spreading butter, etc., or requires modified diet
10 = independent
            ______  
BATHING
0 = dependent
5 = independent (or in shower)  ______ 
GROOMING
0 = needs to help with personal care
5 = independent face/hair/teeth/shaving (implements provided)  ______

DRESSING
0 = dependent
5 = needs help but can do about half unaided
10 = independent (including buttons, zips, laces, etc.)  ______ 
BOWELS
0 = incontinent (or needs to be given enemas)
5 = occasional accident
10 = continent ______ 
BLADDER
0 = incontinent, or catheterized and unable to manage alone
5 = occasional accident
10 = continent ______ 

TOILET USE
0 = dependent
5 = needs some help, but can do something alone
10 = independent (on and off, dressing, wiping)  ______ 
TRANSFERS (BED TO CHAIR AND BACK)
0 = unable, no sitting balance
5 = major help (one or two people, physical), can sit
10 = minor help (verbal or physical)
15 = independent ______ 
MOBILITY (ON LEVEL SURFACES)
0 = immobile or < 50 yards
5 = wheelchair independent, including corners, > 50 yards
10 = walks with help of one person (verbal or physical) > 50 yards
15 = independent (but may use any aid; for example, stick) > 50 yards ______ 
STAIRS
0 = unable
5 = needs help (verbal, physical, carrying aid)
10 = independent
 ______ 
TOTAL (0–100): ______ 
Provided by the Internet Stroke Center — www.strokecenter.org

The Barthel ADL Index: Guidelines

1.      The index should be used as a record of what a patient does, not as a record of what a patient could do.
2.      The main aim is to establish degree of independence from any help, physical or verbal, however minor and for whatever reason.
3.      The need for supervision renders the patient not independent.
4.      A patient's performance should be established using the best available evidence. Asking the patient, friends/relatives and nurses are the usual sources, but direct observation and common sense are also important. However direct testing is not needed. 
5.      Usually the patient's performance over the preceding 24-48 hours is important, but occasionally longer periods will be relevant. 
6.      Middle categories imply that the patient supplies over 50 per cent of the effort.
7.      Use of aids to be independent is allowed.

References

Mahoney FI, Barthel D.  “Functional evaluation: the Barthel Index.” Maryland State Medical Journal 1965;14:56-61.  Used with permission.

Loewen SC, Anderson BA.  “Predictors of stroke outcome using objective measurement scales.”
Stroke. 1990;21:78-81.

Gresham GE, Phillips TF, Labi ML.  “ADL status in stroke: relative merits of three standard indexes.”
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1980;61:355-358.

Collin C, Wade DT, Davies S, Horne V.  “The Barthel ADL Index: a reliability study.”
Int Disability Study.1988;10:61-63.

Copyright Information

The Maryland State Medical Society holds the copyright for the Barthel Index.  It may be used freely for noncommercial purposes with the following citation:



Mahoney FI, Barthel D.  “Functional evaluation: the Barthel Index.” Maryland State Med Journal 1965;14:56-61.  Used with permission.

Permission is required to modify the Barthel Index or to use it for commercial purposes.

Provided by the Internet Stroke Center — www.strokecenter.org

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